The following wildlife here in Georgia have been classified by the CDC and the DNR as Vectors for the Rabies Virus. Bobcats, Coyotes, Feral Dogs, Foxes, Raccoons, Skunks, Bats. Originally it was thought that these animals could only transfer this deadly disease to other animals or Humans thru a bite or scratch but new evidence is coming to light that shows transmission can be airborne in an aerosol form thru sneezing or coughing. The CDC says that transmission could now also possibly occur thru skin contact with saliva of the infected animal. There are many reasons counties here in Georgia and across the United States have ordinances against free roaming dogs. Many people do not vaccinate their dogs against Rabies which is a very foolish thing to do since the shot runs only around $10. All of the wildlife listed above lick their paws and other parts of their body and therefore can transfer the virus to their fur. There has been numerous Rabies outbreaks in Henry County, Ga. last year and this year in the raccoon populations. Anytime wildlife in an area becomes overpopulated, many different types of diseases will break out and will spread rapidly due to the high number of animals living in close proximity to each other.
"Do not try to catch, handle or feed any of these Rabies Vector animals listed above. They can act "normal" yet still be infected with the Rabies virus. Symptoms in these animals take several days to a week to develop. Remember, these animals lick their fur and can transfer the virus to it as well as a Pet, or Livestock. If you read the article from the CDC above you will see that a person can be infected with no outward signs of bites or scratches. Do not touch or pick up a sick looking animal by any means. Whenever you see one of the Rabies Vector animals listed above, treat it as if it were infected. That is the only safe way to keep you, your family or pets out of harms way. We are trained to handle these animals safely and humanely and can remove them from your property and restore to you, your pets and livestock, peace of mind."
Tim Ivey-President-Eastern Wolfers Wildlife Management, LLC.
TANEIA AND HYTADID TAPEWORM DISEASE
"I have personally verified the presence of Taneia in Georgia Coyotes thru the UGA Veterinary Lab. In fact, coyotes are Vectors for this disease. Neither they nor the DNR will verify one way or the other about Hydatid. I recently found an article from 1918 on research done on Lousiana coyotes that verified hydatid disease in that state. Due to coyote migration and the annual dispersal of young male coyotes I believe I can say with high certainty that they are here in Georgia coyotes as well."
Wild canines carry many diseases communicable to pets and Humans. If you allow your dog to roam at will and he comes upon a coyote scat, he will roll in it. Coyotes have parasites in their intestines that lay eggs. These eggs are then passed with the scat. If your dog rolls in the scat, the eggs will stick to it's coat and he will bring them home. Then you or your children will pet the dog transferring the live eggs to your hands, nose, mouth. These are eggs of two different types of tapeworms called Taneia and Echinococcosis or Hydatid Tapeworm.Once inside a human host, these live eggs target the brain, lungs and liver.****I am providing this information because nearly all pet owners are ignorant of these life threatening diseases.****
Cystic echinocccosis (CE), also known as hydatid disease, is caused by infection with the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus, a ~2-7 millimeter long tapeworm found in dogs (definitive host) and sheep, cattle, goats, and pigs (intermediate hosts). Although most infections in humans are asymptomatic, CE causes harmful, slowly enlarging cysts in the liver, lungs, and other organs that often grow unnoticed and neglected for years.
Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) disease is caused by infection with the larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis, a ~1-4 millimeter long tapeworm found in foxes, coyotes, and dogs (definitive hosts). Small rodents are intermediate hosts for E. multilocularis. Cases of AE in animals in endemic areas are relatively common. AE poses a much greater health threat to people than CE, causing parasitic tumors that can form in the liver, lungs, brain, and other organs. If left untreated, AE can be fatal.
"Rabies Vector Animals such as Coyotes, Bobcats, Foxes, Raccoons, Skunks, Feral dogs and Cats should be handled very carefully after capture to prevent transmission of disease to the handler."
"Coyotes and other wild canines must be handled very carefully, WITH DISPOSABLE RUBBER GLOVES, after capture to prevent transmission of the eggs and therefore possibly the disease to the Trapper."